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Please note that the browser uses a cookie to remember your choice of the start time of the search. If you have enabled cookies and do not clear them from your browser's cache, the same browser will display observations from the same time window you last selected the next time you use it.
The "Sent" -option retrieves observations submitted to the Skywarden during the selected time period, regardless of when those phenomena were seen in the sky.
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In this field, you can search for more detailed phenomenon identifiers included in the observation details.
Such are, for example, deep space object types such as "spiral galaxy" or "reflection nebula" or halo forms such as "sundog" or "sun pillar".
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Visibility III / V
STEVE. Like a bright band to the west and separated from the aurora before the eye. Pinkish in the camera. More and better pictures are available
STEVE. Som ett ljust band åt väster och separerat från norrskenet för ögat . Rosaaktigt i kameran . Fler och bättre bilder finns
STEVE (Strong Thermal Emission Velocity Enhancement) is an aurora-like phenomenon that can be observed in middle latitudes. STEVE does not belong to traditional auroras as a phenomenon, but may appear at the same time with them.
STEVE looks like a narrow, white or mauve arc that is clearly separate from the rest of the aurora oval in the pole-ward side of the sky. In Northern Europe, STEVE can sometimes be seen quite far from the oval and be visible across the southern half of the sky.
A mauve STEVE with a clear gap to the oval. Image: Keijo Lehtimäki
It forms a long and narrow east-west aligned dim line that goes across the night sky. The length of the arc can be over 2 000 km and it is located at altitudes of 110-300 kilometers.
The best time for observing STEVE is when the active aurora of a substrom have subsided.
The arc is white, grey or light purple in color, but the appearance of the arc may vary slightly. In more colorful versions, the bottom edge of the arc shows while/grey color, whereas the upper part has more purple shade. These colorful versions are called Double-Layer STEVE.
Double-Layer STEVE. Image: Eero Karvinen
STEVE's appearance can resemble single, detached rays or there can be rays within the arc itself.
A ray-like STEVE. Photo by: Riku Talvio
Quite often purple rays within the aurora oval itself get mistakenly identified as STEVE. While within the aurora oval the purple rays tend to disappear relatively fast, STEVE-events can last from ten minutes to hours.
STEVE very rarely shows green color, whereas lower edges oval's traveling rays tend to be clearly green. However, occasionally there may also be a green, "toothed" band called ”picket fence” below and aligned with the STEVE arc.
STEVE with picket fence. Image: Sirpa Pursiainen
SAR arcs are a different phenomenon happening in the same region that sometimes gets mixed up with STEVE. SAR-arcs, however, are more diffuse, dimmer or fainter, purely red, and lasts longer than STEVE, even days.
This rare image shows a red SAR-arc with a white STEVE arc. There is an area without aurora light around STEVE. Image: Atacan Ergin
When photographing a suspected STEVE, it is important to try capturing both the arc form and the arc's location in relation to the rest of the oval.
In some cases, fine westward-moving structures can be observed within the arc. These can be captured by taking videos of the event or capturing short-exposure animations.
A picket fence is a green form of aurora (northern lights) with short vertical beams.
Picket fence often occurs under the purple-gray STEVE arc, but can also be an independent green radial arc.
In the picture, the board fence is shown in the upper right corner under the STEVE arch. Photo by Sirpa Pursiainen
The picket fens gets sometimes mixed up with normal green belt with rays. In Picket Fence, the individual rays are clearly separated from each other and the arc of the rays is clearly separated from the rest of the northern lights. The fences of the fence also do not form a single curtain extending up to the pole of the sky.
Picket fence can also occur independently without a STEVE arc. The picture shows very well how the Picket Fence is separated from the rest of the northern lights and does not expand upwards. Photo by John Andersen
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