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Ursa Astronomical Association

Active aurora band - 19.9.2012 at 23.50 Tampere Observation number 8016

Visibility III / V

Jari Luomanen, Ursa (Länsi-Suomi)

Really great and active repos. For a moment, these brightened considerably, and a fine shade of pink brightened at the bottom of the green belt. The brightness was so remarkable that the exposure that was going on at the time was clearly overexposed.

More similar observations
Additional information
  • Aurora brightness
    • Bright auroras
  • Colors with unaided eye and other features
    • Flickering auroras info

      Flickering. This rare subclass refers to a situation where irregular variations in brightness occur in aurora, such as in fluttering flames.

    • Pulsating auroras info

      Pulsating aurora. The brightness of the pulsating aurora usually varies rhythmically over a period that can be only a fraction of a second at its fastest, but can also be several minutes. Pulsing usually only occurs in(strong auroral conditions) higher quality shows , especially towards the end of them. However, the pulsation may be followed by yet another eruption. Sometimes the variation in brightness is at the same stage in the whole form, whereby the whole form "turns on and off" at the same time. Pulsation is also found in arches and bands, but above all in spots..

    • Red coloration of the shapes top info

      Auroras which have red top part that can be seen with naked eye are most often observed in the bands and long rays. In this case the lower parts are usually green. If the upper parts are in sunlight, red may be stronger than green. This shade of red is due to the discharge of the excitation state of the atomic oxygen.

      Aurora that shift to reddish towards the top. Photo by Karri Pasanen. 

      Red top in a aurora band. Photo by Simo Aikioniemi.

      Red at the top of the aurora. Picture of Tom Eklund.

    • Red coloration of the shapes lower edge info

      Red lower edge visible with the naked eye. The bands which are starting to level up their activity and are green colored have quite often a narrow red lower edge. This is the most common form of red color which is derived from molecular nitrogen.

      Aurora band with purple lower edge. Photo by Ilmo Kemppainen.

      The low hanging brightest aurora band is colored red at the lower edge. Photo by Tero Ohranen.

      Narrow purple reddish tones at the lower part of this aurora band. Photo by Merja Ruotsalainen.

      Purple band at the bottom. Photo by Panu Lahtinen.

    • Green auroras info

      Green, seen with the naked eye, is one the most common colors of the aurora. The green color is derived from atomic oxygen.

      Green auroras. Lea Rahtu-Korpela.

      Green auroras. Photo by Juha Ojanperä.

  • Observed aurora forms
    • Rays info

      The raysare parallel to the lines of force of the magnetic field, i.e. quite vertical, usually less than one degree thick light streaks. The rays can occur alone or in connection with other shapes, mainly with arcs and bands. Short rays are usually brightest at the bottom but dim quickly. The longest rays, even extending almost from the horizon to the zenith, are usually uniformly bright and quite calm, and unlike the shorter rays, most often occur in groups of a few rays or alone. Rays, like bands, are a very typical form of aurora.

      Artificial light pillars, which are a halo phenomenon visible in ice mist, can sometimes be very similar to the rays of aurora. Confusion is possible especially when the lamps that cause the artificial light pillars are far away and not visible behind buildings or the forest. The nature of the phenomenon is clear at least from the photographs.

      Rays. Picture of Tom Eklund.

      Rays. Photo by Mika Puurula.

      Two beams rise from the aurora veil. Photo by Anssi Mäntylä.

      Two radial bands. Show Jani Lauanne.

      Radial band and veil. Photo by Jussi Alanenpää.

      Two rays. Photo by Aki Taavitsainen.

      It may be possible to confuse such rays with artificial light columns. Compare the image below. Picture of Tom Eklund.

      There is no aurora in this image, but all the light poles - including the wide and diffuse bar seen at the top left - are artificial light pillars born of ice mist. Photo by Sami Jumppanen.

      Aurora and artificial light pillars. All the radial shapes in the picture above are probably artificial light pillars that coincide appropriately with the aurora band. In the image below, the aurora band has shifted and does not overlap with the pillars produced by the orange bulbs. There is no orange in auroras. Photo by Katariina Roiha

    • Band info

      Bands are usually narrower, more twisty at the bottom, brighter, and more active than arches. Bands usually develop from arches.

      Bands can form J and U shapes, sometimes even full spirals. The corona can also arise from bands. Bands are a fairly common form of aurora.

      Aurora band. Photo by Merja Ruotsalainen.

      Aurora band. Photo by Matias Takala.

      Aurora band. Photo by Lea Rahtu-Korpela.

      Aurora bands. Photo by Lauri Koivuluoma.

      Aurora band. Photo by Matias Takala.

    • Arc info

      ARC The arcs are wider than the bands and do not fold as strongly. The arcs are normally neither very bright nor active.

      The arc is probably the most common form of aurora. When aurora show is a calm arc in the low northern sky it often doesn’t evolve to anything more during night. In more active shows the arc is often the first form to appear and the last to disappear.

      The lower edge of the arc is usually sharp but the upper edge can gradually blend into the background sky. As activity increases rays and folds normally develop, and the arcs turn gradually into bands.

      An aurora arc runs across the picture. Vertical shapes are rays. Photo by Atacan Ergin.

      Aurora Arc. Photo by Mauri Korpi.

      Aurora Arc. Photo by Anna-Liisa Sarajärvi.

      Aurora Arc. Photo by Matti Asumalahti.

    • Veil info

      Veil is the most bland and very common form of aurora. It usually covers its homogeneous dim glow over a wide area of the sky at once. Most often, the veil is seen in the calmer and quiet phase of the night after the aurora maximum as a background for other forms. The veil can also occur alone and in that case it will be quite difficult to reliably identify as an aurora, especially at a observation site which has a lot of light pollution.

      A similar glow of light can also be caused by airborne moisture, smoke, or a very thin layer of clouds that reflects the light that hits them. However, clouds can also be used to identify veil, especially if the middle or upper cloud appears dark against a lighter background, then it is very likely to be aurora veil if the brightness of the background sky is not due to the rising or falling Moon or Sun. When photographing, very long exposure times usually reveal the green colour of the veil auroras.

      Veil and rays. Photo by Esa Palmi.

      Red aurora veil. Photo by Marko Mikkilä.


      Veil. Photo by Milla Myllymaa.


      Aurora veil that changes color from green at the lower edge through purple to blue at the top. Photo by Jaakko Hatanpää.


      Dim green veil. Photo by Jarmo Leskinen.


      Radial aurora band surrounded by veil. Photo by Jussi Alanenpää.

Comments: 6 pcs
Mikko Peussa - 20.9.2012 at 23.13 Report this

Hienoja ja myös samalla havainnollisia kuvia, joista näkee mielestäni myös eilisten repojen aktiiviisuuden niiden liikkeen kannalta. Varsinkin kuvassa kolme erottaa hyvin, miten tukevalla jalustalla kuvat on otettu. Rantakivet on teräviä ja tärähtämättömän tarkkoja, mutta reposten liike on ollut selvästi hyvin aktiivista ja nopeaa. Aika haasteellista kuvaajan kannalta.

Jari Luomanen - 20.9.2012 at 23.28 Report this

Juu, nämä reposet veivät kuvaajaa kuin litran mittaa. Vähän väliä sai säätää ja käännellä kameraa eri suuntiin. Onneksi edes tämän verran pilviverho raottui, mutta kyllä Tom veti todelliset huippukuvat omasta paikastaan.

Mikko Peussa - 20.9.2012 at 23.38 Report this

Tuossa jos olisi vanhalla konstilla, mustalla pahvilla jakanut horisontin kohdalta niin, että reposille olisi osannut antaa hieman lyhemmän valotuksen. Nuo rantakivet on niin teräviä ja maisema kaunis. Kateellisena täällä Turussa seurasin näillä leveysasteilla harvinaista herkkua, joista ei edes kunnon dokumenttia itse saanut irti :)

Jari Luomanen - 20.9.2012 at 23.47 Report this

Jotain siinä olisi pitänyt keksiä juu. Dia-aikaan käytin silloin tällöin mustaa hattua objektiivin edessä ukkosia kuvatessa, mutta nyt en ehtinyt reagoida ollenkaan tilanteeseen.

Alice Töyrylä - 21.9.2012 at 01.12 Report this

Pidän kuvasta 1. värit ovat hyvät ja tuo taivaan kannen kaartuminen antaa ulottuvuutta, upeaa.  

Jari Luomanen - 21.9.2012 at 18.49 Report this

Kiitos Alice, heti kun ehdin kuvaamaan oli revontulikaari vielä varsin korkealla ja käytin kalansilmäobjektiivia sen tallentamiseen. Se tekee horisontista tuollaisen hauskan kaaren, mistä itsekin pidän kovasti.

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